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Norman Salzman Mourned, Formerly of NIAID

By James Hadley

Dr. Norman P. Salzman, a renowned virologist who worked for 33 years at NIH, is mourned by his family, friends and colleagues. He died of pancreatic cancer on Dec. 11 at his home in Potomac. He was 71.

Dr. Norman P. Salzman

"In addition to his significant research career, Dr. Salzman trained a large number of scientists and physicians," recalls NIAID director Dr. Anthony S. Fauci. "Many have gone on to distinguished careers at research institutions and universities around the United States and abroad. It is a marker of the quality and scope of Dr. Salzman's mentorship that six scientists who had trained with him later became members of the National Academy of Sciences and one is a Nobelist."

Most of Salzman's tenure at NIH was in NIAID. In 1961, he was appointed chief of the cell biology section of the Laboratory of the Biology of Viruses and 6 years later he became chief of the laboratory. He was among the first scientists to study the replication of DNA and the mechanisms whereby viruses cause cancer. In 1973, he received the PHS Superior Service Award.

During his years at NIH he was also a visiting professor/scientist at various universities and institutes in Italy, Switzerland and France.

Salzman retired from NIH in 1986 and joined Georgetown University School of Medicine, where he headed the laboratory of molecular retro-virology in the department of microbiology and pioneered new approaches to the study of HIV/AIDS.

In 1994, he accepted still another challenge, this one to head the Laboratory of Molecular Retrovirology at the Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, a post he held until his death.

An authority on the biochemistry and genetics of viruses, Salzman wrote many articles describing the transcription of viruses, their promotion, gene expression, enhancement and auto-regulation. In recent years his research focused on HIV/AIDS, identifying virus subtypes and mechanisms of drug resistance. His work and that of his laboratory colleagues and staff are widely cited.

Salzman was a founder and editor of the Journal of Virology, and served on the editorial boards of other leading scientific journals.

Survivors include his wife, Lenore; three children: Annie and David Salzman and Nancy Aushlander; and four grandchildren.

CSR's Mary Shook Dies

Mary Shook

Mary Shook died on Dec. 25, 1997, after a long illness. Having started her government career at NIH as a clerk typist, she then entered the committee management field and in 1985 was appointed committee management officer of the Division of Research Grants, now the Center for Scientific Review. She held this position until her retirement on Oct. 24, 1997. Dr. Donald Luecke, former DRG deputy director and acting director during Shook's tenure, spoke of her as a "caring and compassionate human being who was so willing to extend herself in service to others." Dr. Jerome Green, former DRG director, noted that "Mary always displayed a remarkable blend of dedicated responsibility and genuine graciousness." She will be deeply missed.

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