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NIH Record Awardees

IOM Elects Leshner

National Institute on Drug Abuse director Dr. Alan I. Leshner has recently been elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. New members are elected based on major contributions to health and medicine, or related fields of social and behavioral sciences, law, administration and economics. Leshner's demonstrated professional achievement in the area of drug abuse and addiction research, and his overall concern and involvement with problems and issues that affect public health made him a strong candidate for the institute. The IOM was established in 1970 and is committed to the protection and advancement of the health professions and sciences, the promotion of research and development relevant to health, and the improvement of health care.

NIGMS Distributes Merit Awards

At the annual NIGMS awards ceremony recently, institute director Dr. Marvin Cassman (second from r) recognized three employees with the NIH Award of Merit. The recipients were (from l): Dr. Anthony René, NIGMS assistant director for referral and liaison; Dr. James Anderson, program director, Division of Genetics and Developmental Biology; and Beverly Venable, supervisory grants management assistant, Division of Extramural Activities.

Humane Society Honors Stokes

Dr. William S. Stokes has received a certificate of recognition from the Humane Society of the United States under its Russell and Burch Awards program for outstanding contributions toward the advancement of alternative methods of toxicity testing.

Alternative methods are those that can replace or reduce animal use for specific procedures, or refine the procedures so that animals experience less pain and distress. The "three R's" of laboratory animal welfare are replacement, reduction and refinement.

The award was presented Nov. 2 in Washington, D.C., in connection with the Pain Management and Humane Endpoints conference at the National Academy of Sciences.

As associate director for animal and alternative resources, Stokes heads the alternative methods program at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.

Since 1993, NIEHS and Stokes have played a leadership role in the interagency coordinating committee on the validation of alternative methods, which is a government-wide effort to facilitate the review and adoption of improved alternative methods for toxicity testing.

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