NIH researchers have found that children with anxiety disorders have overactivity in several brain regions.
NIH researchers observed rapid and distinct immune system changes in a small study of people who switched to a vegan or a ketogenic (keto) diet.
NIH researchers detected abnormal proteins in the spinal fluid of people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), which could help improve diagnosis of these diseases.
An atlas revealing the activity of individual placental cells during childbirth offers insight on what happens at the maternal-fetal interface during term labor, according to an NIH-supported study.
Researchers have discovered that a protein called phosphorylated α-synuclein, which is associated with several neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementia, is also involved in the normal processes of how neurons communicate with each other in a healthy brain.
Three different HIV antibodies each independently protected monkeys from acquiring simian-HIV (SHIV) in a placebo-controlled proof-of-concept study intended to inform development of a preventive HIV vaccine for people.
Hispanic/Latina women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP)—conditions marked by high blood pressure during pregnancy—are more likely to have abnormalities in their heart structure and function decades later, compared with women without a history of HDP.
Fungal infections kill more than 1.5 million people every year. Fungi are developing resistance to some currently available antifungal drugs, and many of the remaining drugs are highly toxic. Researchers are studying ways to reduce the toxicity of one of these drugs, amphotericin B (AmB).
A trial of a new drug regimen to treat tuberculous meningitis (TBM) has started enrolling adults and adolescents in several countries where tuberculosis (TB) is prevalent.
In a small study, NIH researchers found that positron emission tomography (PET) scans of the heart may identify people who will develop Parkinson’s disease or Lewy body dementia among those at-risk for these diseases.