May 2, 2000
Role of Nurse Practitioners Expands at NIH
Agency-Wide Action Plan Due by June
Health Disparities Research Tops NIH Agenda
By Carla Garnett
Some disturbing trends have surfaced in the nation's health: Rates
for blindness due to glaucoma in African Americans are six times
higher than the rates for whites. American Indians and Alaska
Natives are nearly three times as likely as whites to have diagnosed
diabetes; Hispanics and Latinos are almost twice as likely. African
Americans and Native Americans show increased susceptibility to
kidney complications of diabetes. Death rates from heart diseases
are disproportionately high among blacks. Native Americans have a
higher incidence of meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae B.
Stroke, a major health problem for the entire country,
disproportionately affects minority citizens particularly
African Americans. Sudden infant death syndrome is more prevalent
in minority populations two and a half times more
prevalent in blacks and three to five times more prevalent in Native
Americans. In 1998, blacks were nearly 10 times more likely than
whites to be diagnosed with AIDS.
NEI Introduces Low Vision Education Program
By Mike Coogan
For about 14 million Americans one of every
20 the inability to see well makes doing things difficult.
They have trouble recognizing the faces of friends. Seeing the TV is
harder, and reading price tags becomes an ordeal. Walking around
the neighborhood presents a challenge. What can be done?